Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums surrounding your teeth. It is one of the primary causes of tooth loss in adults. Because it is virtually pain-free, many patients do not know they have the disease. During each regular checkup, we will check for signs of periodontal disease by measuring the space between your teeth and gums.
WHAT CAUSES GUM DISEASE?
Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque, a sticky form of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If the plaque is not removed by flossing, brushing, and regular dental checkups, it will continue to build up and create toxins that can damage the gums.
Periodontal disease forms just below the gum line and creates small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. It has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.
CERTAIN FACTORS CAN INCREASE A PATIENT’S RISK OF DEVELOPING PERIODONTAL DISEASE, INCLUDING:
WHILE IT IS POSSIBLE TO HAVE PERIODONTAL DISEASE AND NOT KNOW IT, SOME SYMPTOMS CAN INCLUDE:
TREATING GUM DISEASE
Treatments for gum disease can vary, depending on the severity of each individual case. Typical treatments include:
PREVENTING GUM DISEASE
Regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are worthwhile for maintaining your health and the health of your smile. You don’t have to lose teeth to periodontal disease; by practicing good oral hygiene at home, you can significantly reduce your chances of ever getting gum disease.
Remember to brush regularly, clean between your teeth, eat a balanced diet, and schedule regular dental visits to help keep your smile healthy.
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